Macros

hymn.macros - monad operations implemented as macros

hymn.macros provide macros for monad computations

Operation Macros

do-monad [binding-forms expr]

Changed in version 0.9: This macro was named do-monad-m before version 0.9

macro for sequencing monadic computations, a.k.a do notation in haskell

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [Just]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [do-monad]])
=> (do-monad [a (Just 41)] (m-return (inc a)))
Just(42)
do-monad-return [binding-forms expr]

Changed in version 0.9: This macro was named do-monad before version 0.9

macro for sequencing monadic computations, with automatic return

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [Just]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [do-monad-return]])
=> (do-monad-return [a (Just 41)] (inc a))
Just(42)
do-monad-with [monad binding-forms expr]

macro for sequencing monadic composition, with said monad as default.

useful when the only binding form is :when, we do not know which monad we are working with otherwise

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [maybe-m]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [do-monad-with]])
=> (do-monad-with maybe-m [:when True] 42)
Just(42)
=> (do-monad-with maybe-m [:when False] 42)
Nothing

All do monad macros support :let binding, like this:

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [Just]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [do-monad-return]])
=> (defn half [x]
...  (do-monad-return
...    [:let [two 2]
...     a x
...     :let [b (/ a two)]]
...    b))
=> (half (Just 42))
Just(21.0)

All do monad macros support :when if the monad is of type MonadPlus.

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [maybe-m]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [do-monad-with]])
=> (defn div [a b] (do-monad-with maybe-m [:when (not (zero? b))] (/ a b)))
=> (div 1 2)
Just(0.5)
=> (div 1 0)
Nothing
monad-> [init-value &rest actions]

threading macro for monadic actions

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [maybe-m]])
=> (setv m-inc (maybe-m.monadic inc))
=> (setv m-div (maybe-m.monadic /))
=> (require [hymn.macros [monad->]])
=> ;; threading macro for monadic actions
=> (monad-> (maybe-m.unit 99) m-inc (m-div 5) (m-div 2))
Just(10.0)
=> ;; is equivalent to
=> (require [hymn.macros [do-monad]])
=> (do-monad [a (maybe-m.unit 99) b (m-inc a) c (m-div b 5)] (m-div c 2))
Just(10.0)
monad->> [init-value &rest actions]

threading tail macro for monadic actions

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [maybe-m]])
=> (setv m-inc (maybe-m.monadic inc))
=> (setv m-div (maybe-m.monadic /))
=> (require [hymn.macros [monad->>]])
=> ;; threading tail macro for monadic actions
=> (monad->> (maybe-m.unit 4) m-inc (m-div 25) (m-div 100))
Just(20.0)
=> ;; is equivalent to
=> (require [hymn.macros [do-monad]])
=> (do-monad [a (maybe-m.unit 4) b (m-inc a) c (m-div 25 b)] (m-div 100 c))
Just(20.0)
m-for [[n seq] &rest expr]

macro for sequencing monadic actions

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [maybe-m]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [m-for]])
=> ;; with simple monad, e.g. maybe
=> (m-for [a (range 3)] (maybe-m.unit a))
Just([0, 1, 2])
=> ;; with reader monad
=> (import [hymn.types.reader [<-]])
=> (setv readers
...  (m-for [a (range 5)]
...    (print "create reader" a)
...    (<- a)))
create reader 0
create reader 1
create reader 2
create reader 3
create reader 4
=> (.run readers [11 12 13 14 15 16])
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15]
=> (.run readers "abcdefg")
['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e']
=> ;; with writer monad
=> (import [hymn.types.writer [tell]])
=> (.execute (m-for [a (range 1 101)] (tell a)))
5050
m-when [test mexpr]

conditional execution of monadic expressions

with-monad [monad &rest exprs]

provide default function m-return as the unit of the monad

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [maybe-m]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [m-when with-monad]])
=> (with-monad maybe-m (m-when (even? 1) (m-return 42)))
Just(None)
=> (with-monad maybe-m (m-when (even? 2) (m-return 42)))
Just(42)
monad-comp [expr binding-forms &optional condition]

different syntax for do-monad-return, in the style of list/dict/set comprehensions, the condition part is optional and can only be used with MonadPlus as in do-monad-return

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [Just]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [monad-comp]])
=> (monad-comp (+ a b) [a (Just 1) b (Just 2)])
Just(3)
=> (monad-comp (/ a b) [a (Just 1) b (Just 0)] (not (zero? b)))
Nothing
=> (import [hymn.types.list [list-m]])
=> (list (monad-comp (/ a b) [a (list-m [1 2]) b (list-m [4 8])]))
[0.25, 0.125, 0.5, 0.25]
=> (list (monad-comp (/ a b) [a (list-m [1 2]) b (list-m [0 1])] (not (zero? b))))
[1.0, 2.0]

Tag Macros

^ [f]

lift() tag macro, #^ f is expanded to (lift f)

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [Just Nothing]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [^]])
=> (#^ + (Just 1) (Just 2))
Just(3)
=> (#^ + (Just 1) Nothing)
Nothing
= [value]

tag macro for m-return, the unit inside do-monad-return macros, #= v is expanded to (m-return v)

=> (import [hymn.types.maybe [Just maybe-m]])
=> (require [hymn.macros [= do-monad do-monad-with]])
=> (do-monad-with maybe-m [a #= 1 b #= 2] (+ a b))
Just(3)
=> (do-monad [a (Just 1)] #= (inc a))
Just(2)